UPDATE, June 13, 2013: The U.S. Senate passed the farm bill (see history of current session's bill below) Monday (June 10); the House is expected to take up its version next week, with Speaker John Boehner announcing yesterday that he would vote for it.
The Senate bill that has passed cut $4.1 billion from the SNAP (food stamps) program; it is expected that the House bill will cut $20 billion from SNAP -- "a move," says Ron Nixon in the New York Times, "that will almost certainly be rejected by the Senate." (In 2011, the last year for which stats are available, 45% of food stamp recipients were under 18.)
California Food Policy Advocates notes that the House bill would also reverse CA's efforts to simplify paperwork and streamline enrollment in SNAP by removing the 'heat and eat' initiative (as in S 954) and by restricting the use of 'categorical eligibility' policies which promote asset development and retention. 'Categorical eligibility' policies are pivotal in preventing Californians from hitting 'rock bottom' and exhausting their resources before applying for SNAP.
UPDATE, May 16, 2013: The House of Representatives Agriculture Committee approved a $940 billion farm bill late last night in a 36-10 bipartisan vote. Erik Wasson, reporting for The Hill:
...Overall, the farm bill crafted by [committee chair Frank] Lucas (R-OK) and ranking member Collin Peterson (D-Minn.) cuts $20.5 billion from food stamps... No major changes were made in committee to the nutrition...programs [e.g., Women, Infants & Children (WIC)]. The food stamp cuts saw the most sustained attack during the markup. Liberal Democrats attempted to reverse the food stamp cuts in the farm bill but their main amendment... was defeated by a vote of 17 to 27. ...[Opposition said] the cuts are needed because the Obama administration has engaged in a “concerted effort to increase the dependency class” during a heated debate that ultimately involved dueling citations from the Bible on how to treat the hungry...The food stamp cuts in the House farm bill are $16 billion more than are included in the Senate Agriculture Committee bill, which has $4 billion in cuts...
UPDATE, May 15, 2013:The Senate Committee on Agriculture approved a farm bill yesterday (details below the jump); the House Committee on Ag will vote on its version today. California Food Policy Advocates says that, if enacted, both of the farm bill proposals would have a significantly negative impact on California households by "slashing monthly benefits or by eliminating benefits altogether."